Setup OpenWRT on Raspberry Pi 3 B+ to avoid data trackers

I am definitely not an expert in networking, so take all of this with some salt. Still, I found it valuable to have my home internet powered by open source software as much as possible, rather than some shitty closed black-box provided by my ISP.

There are already lots of valuable resources on setting up OpenWRT on a Raspberry Pi as a home router. To cite some:

Upon first setup, I had issues connecting the Raspberry to my Ubuntu laptop and make the first setup. Only later did I learn that I could have simply edited the config file on the microSD and avoided the pain, but anyway, I was able to have it work through ethernet on my laptop by setting the ethernet interface to be unmanaged.

I found the wifi adapter of the Raspberry do be strong enough to cover a 3-room apartment, and also go outside. When all the confi was right, I just disable DHCP on my ISP router, enable DMZ to the Raspberry (which had a static address by then), and let the Raspberry be the only DHCP server in the network.

You can check if the Raspberry really is the only DHCP server by running the command udhcpc -n -q -s /bin/true -t 1. You should get udhcpc: no lease, failing as last line of output; if you don’t, then there is still another DHCP server active in the network.

Ads and trackers blocking through dnsmasq

I then wanted to block ads and data trackers through a DNS filter. Starting from this, I eventually ended up using the first of these lists as DNS blacklist, with a handy bash script that would update the list on a regular basis. Note that data in /tmp is lost on reboot, and data not in /etc is lost on firmware re-flashing.

Continue reading